The goal of the project DONAUHANSE is to establish a network of cities, which provides sound solutions to similar problems with the greatest possible benefit for all participating cities and regions along the Danube.

Wokshop City Mobility Odessa 25.05.2011

As part of the cooperation between the two cities of Vienna and Odessa in DonauHanse, a workshop on city mobility was held in Odessa on 25 May 2011. The aim of the workshop was to enhance cooperation between Vienna and Odessa in DonauHanse and to facilitate an exchange of experts in the field of urban mobility.

Mobility is the uniting element of people’s basic requirements – housing, work and leisure time and recreation – and hence also forms the basis of the economic development of any city, region or country. Mobility is a basic right of society, the improved access to which must be the basic principle of any transport policy. Thus, transport development is closely linked with the overall spatial and social development. Settlement policy, regional planning and information and communication technologies are decisive factors of mobility.

At the opening of the joint workshop, the Mayor of the City of Odessa Oleksii Kostusiev, Vienna’s City Councillor for Cultural Affairs and Science Andreas Mailath-Pokorny and the Austrian Ambassador Wolf-Dietrich Heim delivered introductory remarks to the workshop participants and also stressed the importance of mobility in a city and the good relations between Vienna and Odessa, particularly in the context of the DonauHanse network. Vienna’s other representatives at the workshop included Gregor Stratil-Sauer (Municipal Department for Urban Development and Planning), Martin Sindelar (Vienna transport authorities “Wiener Linien”), Rainer Müller and Markus Damm (TINA VIENNA).

As the workshop continued, representatives of both cities presented solutions and strategies regarding different aspects of urban mobility in four panels:

Urban development and urban transport planning schemes

The City of Vienna, which is situated in the centre of Europe, has been awarded for its high quality of life (Mercer Study), which can be also attributed to a large extent to the growing share of public transport in the overall transport volume. Vienna’s Transport Master Plan 2003 sets out the measures to manage the city’s transport planning. An important measure which has been implemented in Vienna is the City of Vienna’s parking space management concept, which provides for parking fees in some of Vienna’s municipal districts.

In order to improve the transport situation in Odessa, a transport model for Odessa’s city centre is currently being developed as part of a joint project with the University of Gent. The project, which is conducted from February 2010 to December 2011, is entitled “Capacity building and tools for urban mobility planning for Odessa City” and aims at improving city officials’ know-how in the field of transport planning and at developing a software tool to create transport models.

Strategies and their implementation in public transport

Its scarce financial resources currently make it rather difficult for the City of Odessa to invest in new public transport solutions. In historical terms, Odessa is a very young city – also with regard to its transport system. Even so, Odessa was one of the first Russian cities which had a tram line (1910). An important aspect of public transport Odessa will have to work on in the future is its tariff system and general public transport organisation. At the moment, the city’s public transport network comprises about 800 stops.

In comparison, the public transport network of Vienna’s transport authorities “Wiener Linien” serves about 4,300 stops and carries about 839 million passengers a year. Vienna’s first electric tram line was put into service in 1897. Vienna’s public transport network comprises 5 underground lines, 28 tram lines and 85 bus lines. The aim of Vienna’s transport planning, as defined in the Transport Master Plan 2003, is to increase the share of public transport to 40% and the share of bicycle traffic to 35% and to reduce motorised private transport to 25% by 2020, as compared to the levels of 2003.  

Bicycle traffic strategies and their implementation

Currently, the situation of cyclists in Odessa is very poor. To improve the situation, different kinds and types of cycle paths in use in the City of Gent were presented to demonstrate which options Odessa will have in the future. These examples served as the basis to elaborate a vision for cycling in Odessa and to outline the process the city may follow in order to accomplish its objectives. However, the country’s transport behaviour generally makes it very difficult to promote bicycle traffic in the Ukraine. A first step in this direction might be the introduction of cycle paths, whereby the gaps in Ukrainian legislation are considered as the largest problem faced in this respect.  

One objective pursued by the City of Vienna in bicycle traffic planning is to increase the share of bicycle traffic in the overall transport volume to 15% by 2015. After providing an overview of Vienna’s cycle path network and its different kinds of cycle paths and presenting measures to increase the share of bicycle traffic, such as the City Bike scheme, Vienna’s delegates also highlighted the importance of appropriate cycle parking spaces in the city.

Public space as a pedestrian circulation area

“Public space as a pedestrian circulation area” was the theme of the last workshop panel. The two cities of Odessa and Vienna presented different examples for public space design and public space strategies. In addition, Vienna also presented its open space concept as well as examples for park design in Vienna.




Network DonauHanse

1.3 M


Transport planning in Vienna

5.8 M


Transport planning in Odessa

2.0 M


Puplic Transport in Odessa 1

72 K


Puplic Transport in Odessa 2

2.3 M


Puplic Transport in Odessa 3

1.2 M


Puplic Transport in Vienna

2.8 M


Cycling in Gent

2.9 M


Cycling in Vienna

6.7 M


Open Space in Odessa

7.6 M


Openspace in Vienna

6.6 M


Viennese Parks

4.1 M